Áèáëèîãðàôèÿ (èíîñòðàííûå èñòî÷íèêè)
Alderson, George and
Ansolabehere, Stephen and James M. Snyder, Jr. (1996) Money, Votes, and Candidate Quality. Unpublished Manuscript, Massachusett’s
Austen-Smith, David (1995). “Campaign Contributions and Access.” American Political Science Review 89: 566–581.
Austen-Smith, David and John R. Wright. (1992). “Competitive Lobbying for a Legislator’s Vote.” Social Choice and Welfare 9: 229–57.
Baron, David P. (1989). “Service-Induced Campaign Contributions and the Electoral Equilibrium.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 104: 45–72.
Barone, Michael and Grant Ujifusa. various years. The Almanac of American Politics.
Bauer, Raymond, Ithiel de Sola Pool and Lewis Dexter. (1963). American Business and Public Policy.
Baumgartner, Frank R. and Beth L. Leech. (1998). Basic Interests: The Importance of Groups in Politics and in Political Science.
Baumgartner, Frank R. and Beth L. Leech. (1999). “Studying Interest Groups Using Lobbying Disclosure Reports.” Vox Pop 17–3: 1–3.
Birnbaum, J.H. (1992) The Lobbyists: How Influence Peddlers Get Their Way in
Chappell, Henry W., Jr. (1981). “Campaign Contributions and Voting on the Cargo Preference Bill: A Comparison of Simultaneous Models.” Public Choice 36: 301–312.
Chappell, Henry W., Jr. (1982). “Campaign Contributions and Congressional Voting: A Simultaneous Probit-Tobit Model.” Review of Economics and Statistics 62: 77–83.153 Reprinted by The
Chin, Michelle, Jon R. Bond and Nehemia Geva. (2000). “A Foot in the Door: An Experimental Study of PAC and Constituency Effects on Access.” Journal of Politics 62: 534–549.
Choate P. 1990. Agents of Influence: How
Curry, D. (1999) Lobbying Government: A Guide to Lobbying on Housing Issues.
Davies, M. (1985), Politics of Pressure: The Art of Lobbying.
DeGregorio, C. (1998) ‘Assets and Access: Linking Lobbyists and Lawmakers in Congress’, in
Herrnson, P.S., Shaiko, R.G. and Wilcox, C. (eds.) (1998) The Interest Group Connection: Electioneering, Lobbying and Policymaking in
Denzau, Arthur T. and Michael C. Munger. (1986). “Legislators and Interest Groups: How Unorganized Interests Get Represented.” American Political Science Review 80: 89–106.
DeSanto, B.J. (2001) ‘Public Affairs: An American Perspective’, in Journal of Public Affairs, 1(1), 38-43.
Dubin, Michael J. 1998. United States Congressional Elections, 1788–1997: The Official Results.
Dubs, A. (1989) Lobbying: An Insider’s Guide to the Parliamentary Process.
Encyclopedia of Associations. 1999. 34th edition, edited by Christine Maurerand Tara E. Sheets.
Finer, S.E. (1966) Anonymous Empire: A Study of the Lobby in
Fleisher, C.S. (2001) ‘Emerging US Public Affairs Practice: The 2000+ PA Model’, in Journal of Public Affairs, 1 (1), 44-52.
Gais, Thomas L. 1983. “On the Scope and Bias of Interest Group Involvement in Elections.” Unpublished Manuscript,
Gais, Thomas L., and Jack L. Walker, Jr. 1991. “Pathways to Influence in American Politics.” In Mobilizing Interest Groups in America, edited by Jack L. Walker, Jr. Ann Arbor, MI:
Gean T. 1993. 27 jan. Lobbying communautaire. Strategies et modeles. / / Problemes economiques.
George, M. (2001) Meeting with the author, 8 August (Mr George was then Deputy Managing Director of Connect Public Affairs in
Gibbons, M. (2001) Meeting with the author, 10 August (Ms. Gibbons was then a Senior Consultant at GPC in
Gimpel, J.G. (1998) ‘Grassroots Organizations and Equilibrium Cycles in Group Mobilization and Access’, in Herrnson, P.S., Shaiko, R.G. and Wilcox, C. (eds.) (1998) The Interest Group Connection: Electioneering, Lobbying and Policymaking in Washington. Chatham, NJ: Chatham House.
Grant, W. (2000) Pressure Groups and British Politics. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Gray, M. (1999) ‘Lobbying the EU Institutions: New Rules, New Game’, in Journal of Communication Management, 3 (3), 303-309.
Green, Donald and Jonathan Krasno. 1988. “Salvation for the Spendthrift Incumbent. ” American Journal of Political Science 34: 884–907.
Greenwood, J. (1997) Representing Interests in the European Union. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Grenzke, Janet. 1989. “Shopping in the Congressional Supermarket: the Currency is Complex.” American Journal of Political Science 33: 1–24.
Grier, Kevin B. and Michael C. Munger. 1991. “Committee Assignments, Constituent Preferences, and Campaign Contributions.” Economic Inquiry 24: 24–43.
Groseclose, Tim, Steven D. Levitt and James M. Snyder, Jr. 1999. “Comparing Interest Group Ratings across Time and Chamber: Adjusted ADA Scores for the U.S. Congress.” American Political Science Review 93: 33–50.
Hall, Richard and Frank Wayman. 1990. “Buying Time: Moneyed Interests and the Mobilization of Bias in Congressional Committees.” American Political Science Review 84: 797–820.
Handler, E. and J.R. Mulkern. 1982. Business in Politics: Campaign Strategies of Corporate Political Action Committees. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath.
Hansen, John Mark. 1991. Gaining Access: Congress and the Farm Lobby. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Harris, P., Moss, M. and Vetter, N. (1999) ‘Machiavelli’s Legacy to Public Affairs: A Modern Tale of Servants and Princes in UK Organisations’, in Journal of Communication Management, 3 (3), 201-217.
Harris, P. and Moss, D. (2001) ‘In Search of Public Affairs: A Function in Search of an Identity’, in Journal of Public Affairs, 1 (2), 102-110.
Heckman, James J. and James M. Snyder, Jr. 1997. “Linear Probability Models of the Demand for Attributeswith an Empirical Application to Estimating the Preferences of Legislators.” RAND Journal of Economics 28: S142–S189.
Herndon, James. 1982. “Access, Record, and Competition as Influences on Interest Group Contributions to Congressional Campaigns.” Journal of Politics 44: 996–1019.
Herrnson, P.S. (1998) ‘Interest Groups, PACs, and Campaigns’, in Herrnson, P.S., Shaiko, R.G. and Wilcox, C. (eds.) (1998) The Interest Group Connection: Electioneering, Lobbying and Policymaking in Washington. Chatham, NJ: Chatham House.
Hobson, J. (2001) Meeting with the author, 12 June (Julius Hobson was then Director of the Division of Congressional Affairs at the American Medical Association in Washington).
Hojnacki, Marie and David C. Kimball. 1998. “Organized Interests and the Decision of Whom to Lobby in Congress.” American Political Science Review 92: 775–790.
Hojnacki, Marie and David C. Kimball. 1999. “The Who and How of Oranizations’ Lobbying Strategies in Congress.” Journal of Politics 61: 999–1024.
Holtzman, A. (1966) Interest Groups and Lobbying. New York: Macmillan.
Hrebenar, R.J. (1997) Interest Group Politics in America, Third Edition. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.
Kau, James B. and Paul H. Rubin. 1982. Congressmen, Constituents, and Contributors: Determinants of Roll Call Voting in the House of Representatives. Boston: Martinus Nijhoff.
Kau, James B. Donald Keenan, and Paul H. Rubin. 1982. “A General Equilibrium Model of Congressional Voting.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 97: 271–293.
Kollman, K. (1998) Outside Lobbying: Public Opinion and Interest Group Strategies. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Kroszner, Randall S. and Thomas Stratmann. 1998. “Interest Group Competition and the Organization of Congress: Theory and Evidence from Financial Services Political Action Committees.” American Economic Review 88: 1163–87.
Kroszner, Randall S. and Thomas Stratmann. 2000. “Congressional Committees as Reputation-Building Mechanisms: Repeat PAC Giving and Seniority on the House Banking Committee.” Business and Politics 2: 35–52.
Langbein, Laura I. 1986. “Money and Access: Some Empirical Evidence.” Journal of Politics 48: 1052–62.
Lohmann, Suzanne. 1995. “Information, Access, and Contributions: A Signaling Model of Lobbying.” Public Choice 85: 267–284.
Mack, C.S. (1997) Business, Politics and the Practice of Government Relations. Westport: Quorum Books.
Marlowe, H. (1998) ‘Comments on the Congressional Connection’, in Herrnson, P.S., Shaiko, R.G. and Wilcox, C. (eds.) (1998) The Interest Group Connection: Electioneering, Lobbying and Policymaking in Washington. Chatham, NJ: Chatham House.
McCarty, Nolan M. and Keith Poole. 1998. “An Empirical Spatial Model of Congressional Campaigns.” In Political Analysis, Vol. 7, edited by Walter Mebane. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
McGrath, C. (forthcoming) ‘Family Businesses Distributing America’s Beverage: managing government relations in the National Beer Wholesalers Association, Journal of Public Affairs.
Meredith, J.C. (1989) Lobbying On A Shoestring, Second Edition. No location given: Massachusetts Law Reform Institute.
Milbrath, Lester W. 1960. The Washington Lobbyists. Chicago, IL: Rand-McNally.
Miller, C. (2000) Politico’s Guide To Political Lobbying. London: Politico’s.
Nownes, Anthony J. and Patricia Freeman. 1999. “Interest Group Activity in the States.” Journal of Politics 60: 86–112.
Pedler, R. (ed.) (2002) European Union Lobbying: Changes in the Arena. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
Peters, C. (1980) How Washington Really Works. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Poole, Keith T. and Thomas Romer. 1985. “Patterns of Political Action Committee Contributions to the 1980 Campaigns for the U.S. House of Representatives. ” Public Choice 47: 63–112.
Poole, Keith T., Thomas Romer, and Howard Rosenthal. 1987. “The Revealed Preferences of Political Action Committees.” American Economic Review 77: 298–302.
Potters, J. and F. van Winden. 1992. “Lobbying and Asymmetric Information.” Public Choice 74: 269–292.
Rosenthal, A. (1993) The Third House: Lobbyists and Lobbying in the States. Washington: Congressional Quarterly Inc.
Sabato, Larry J. 1984. PAC Power. New York: W.W. Norton.
Schlozman, Kay L. and John T. Tierney. 1986. Organized Interests and American Democracy. New York: Harper Collins.
Schmitter P. Still the century of corporatism? / / The Review of Politics. 1974.
Shaiko, R.G. (1998) ‘Lobbying in Washington: A Contemporary Perspective’, in Herrnson, P.S., Shaiko, R.G. and Wilcox, C. (eds.) (1998) The Interest Group Connection: Electioneering, Lobbying and Policymaking in Washington. Chatham, NJ: Chatham House.
Silverstein, K. (1998) Washington on $10 Million a Day: How Lobbyists Plunder the Nation. Monroe, ME: Common Courage Press.
Simpson, D. (1999) Pressure Groups. London: Hodder and Stoughton.
Snyder, James M., Jr. 1990. “Campaign Contributions as Investments: The House of Representatives, 1980–86.” Journal of Political Economy 98: 1195–1227.
Steele Valerie J., senior editor. (1999). Directory of Washington Representatives, Washington, DC: Columbia Books.
Sorauf, Frank J. 1992. Inside Campaign Finance: Myths and Realities. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Stratmann, Thomas. 1991. “What Do Campaign Contributions Buy? Deciphering Causal Effects of Money and Votes.” Southern Economic Journal 57: 606–620.
Thomas C., Hrebenar R. 1991. Nationalization of Interest Groups and Lobbying in the States. In: Interest Group Politics. Ed. by A.CigIer, B.Loomis. Wash., p.66.
Thomas, C.S. and Hrebenar, R.J. (2000), ‘Comparing Lobbying Across Liberal Democracies: Problems, Approaches and Initial Findings’, paper presented to the annual conference of the American Political Science Association.
Truman, David B. 1948. The Governmental Process: Political Interests and Public Opinion. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Welch, William P. 1974. “The Economics of Campaign Funds.” Public Choice 20: 83–99.
Welch, William, P. 1980. “The Allocation of Political Monies: Economic Interest Groups.” Public Choice 35: 97–120.
Wilcox, C. (1998) ‘The Dynamics of Lobbying the Hill’, in Herrnson, P.S., Shaiko, R.G. and Wilcox, C. (eds.) (1998) The Interest Group Connection: Electioneering, Lobbying and Policymaking in Washington. Chatham, NJ: Chatham House.
Wilson, D. (1984) Pressure: The A to Z of Campaigning in Britain. London: Heinemann.
Wittenberg, E. and Wittenberg, E. (1989) How To Win In Washington: Very Practical Advice about Lobbying, the Grassroots and the Media. Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell.
Wolpe, B.C. and Levine, B.J. (1996) Lobbying Congress: How the System Works, second edition. Washington: Congressional Quarterly Inc.
Wright, John R. 1985. “PACs, Contributions, and Rolls Calls: An Organizational Perspective.” American Political Science Review 79: 400–14.
Wright, John R. 1989. “PAC Contributions, Lobbying, and Representatives.” Journal of Politics 51: 713–29.
Wright, John R. 1990. “Contributions, Lobbying, and Committee Voting in the U.S. House of Representatives.” American Political Science Review 84: 417–38.
Wright, John R. 1996. Interest Groups and Congress. Needham Heights: Allyn and Bacon.
Zeigler, H. and Baer, M. (1969) Lobbying: Interaction and Influence in the American State Legislatures. Belmont: Wadsworth.
Zimmerman J. 1981. The Government and Politics of New York State. N.Y.